Planas, Jaime. Further Experience with Rupture of the Orbicularis Oris in Trumpet Players. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery: Journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons 81, no. 6 (June 1988): 975-81.
In this paper a second case of rupture of the orbicularis oris in a trumpet player is presented. Treatment by direct suture of the muscle has been successful.