|AAOHN Journal: Official Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
|Overuse Syndrome and Musculoskeletal Injuries
|musician health safety performance muscle skeletal prevention
|Foxman, I., and B. J. Burgel. Musician Health and Safety: Preventing Playing-related Musculoskeletal Disorders. AAOHN Journal: Official Journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses 54, no. 7 (July 2006): 309-16.
|Musicians are exposed to high-risk musculoskeletal activities such as repetition, hours of exposure, and awkward postures when playing instruments. These activities may result in playing-related musculoskeletal disorders. Musicians often work part-time or seasonally or are self-employed. Thus, they may be uninsured or underinsured and may delay seeking care for these painful and potentially disabling conditions. Prevention of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders includes identification of both intrinsic (e.g., musician strength and flexibility) and extrinsic (e.g., musician posture while playing an instrument) factors involved in the interface between musicians and their instruments and the playing environment (e.g., rest breaks or hours of practice). Student occupational health nurse practitioners in this pilot project performed outreach and comprehensive screening and treatment for a small group of musicians diagnosed as having playing-related musculoskeletal disorders. Tendon and nerve gliding exercises were a key component of the treatment plan.